Hungarian Geographical Bulletin

Hungarian Geographical Bulletin
ISSN 2064-5031, E-ISSN 2064-5147

2016. VOL. 65. No 2.

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Urban heat island patterns and their dynamics based on an urban climate measurement network
Tamás GÁL - Nóra SKARBIT - János UNGER
Megjelenési adatok
65/2. 105-116. (2016)
In this paper the spatial pattern of Urban Heat Island (UHI) and its dynamical background are analysed. Furthermore, we examined the annual, seasonal and diurnal characteristics of UHI according to the Local Climate Zones (LCZs). The analysis was performed using one year (between June 2014 and May 2015) dataset from the measurement network of Szeged (Hungary). This network consists of 24 stations measuring air temperature and relative humidity. In the installation of the network the representativeness played an important role in order to that the stations represents their LCZs. We examined the thermal reactions during average and ideal conditions using the so-called weather factor. Our results show that the UHI is stronger in the compactly built zones and there are great differences between the zones. The greatest values appear in summer, while the difference is small in winter. The UHI starts to develop at sunset and exists through approximately 9-10 hours and differences are about 2 °C larger in case of ideal days, when the conditions (wind, cloud cover) are appropriate to the strong development of the UHI. The cooling rates show that the first few hours after sunset are determinative for the developing of UHI. In addition, the effect of UHI on annual mean temperature is also significant.
measurement network, Szeged, Urban Heat Island, Local Climate Zones, cooling rate
Online közzététel
2016. 06. 29.