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Hungarian Geographical Bulletin

Hungarian Geographical Bulletin
ISSN 2064-5031, E-ISSN 2064-5147


2017. VOL. 66. No 2.

Article details
Title
The changing nature of labour protest: Comparing the fragmentation of protest rituals on May 1st in Berlin and Budapest
Authors
Ilse HELBRECHT - Éva IZSÁK - Peter DIRKSMEIER - Márton BERKI - Sebastian SCHLUETER
DOI
Volume
66/2. 95-111. (2017)
Abstract
The transition from industrial to post-industrial society has changed the conditions for labour protest in Europe fundamentally. In this paper recent forms of labour protest are explored in two European capital cities, Berlin and Budapest. In the context of growing job insecurity, flexibilisation and fragmentation of labour markets, the motivations and class positions of protest participants are scrutinised, along with the diversified geographies of protest events. Building on empirical results by means of a survey based on structured mini-interviews, the paper argues, first, that a fragmentation of labour protests on May 1st is observable. This fragmentation is driven by an overall change of Labour Day celebrations from trade union oriented demonstrations towards segmented party zones of protest in both cities. Second, neither traditional forms of labour protest is nor newly created, more festive forms of labour celebrations attract a significant proportion of people suffering from precarity or unemployment. Thus, most marginalised people in the service-dominated economy do not have a voice in labour protests today.
Keywords
protest, labour, urban social movements, Berlin, Budapest
Published online
2017. 07. 04.
References